The Government is considering proposals that would require mobility scooter users to undergo a "fitness to drive" test and have insurance.
In a three-month consultation, ministers will discuss changes that will affect up to 100,000 vehicles in a bid to reduce accidents.
Transport Minister Sadiq Khan told MPs that the issues include weight limits, training, fitness to drive, insurance and registration.
"The proposed changes are largely designed to make mobility vehicles safer when they are used on the footway and on the carriageway and to improve redress when, very occasionally, their use injures people," he said in a written ministerial statement.
"The main areas that the consultation addresses are the legal classification, design standards including the permitted unladen weight limits and safety features, possible reforms relating to vehicle users including better information provision, training and fitness to drive, insurance and the registration of mobility scooters."
In recent years, there have been a number of fatalities and serious injuries, often involving pensioners who have lost control of their vehicles.
Police in Norfolk announced in January that they were offering road safety training after a number of crashes in the county.
© Press Association 2010